Democracy in India

A Look into the Work of the People’s Governments in Dandakaranya Special Zone

Parliamentary democracy in India is much hailed. India is said to be the biggest democracy in the world. This democracy is known to be ‘ for the people, by the people and of the people’. The past more than half a century proved this democracy to be sham. People of India and all over the world are vexed with the ineffectiveness and misappropriation of the ‘democratic institutions’ like the court, police, jail and the administrative machinery. Essential services like water and electricity are a point of agitation in many parts of the country almost every day.

And it is inaccessible to the adivasi population who constitute one important section of the population of the country. The presence of the parliamentary democratic institutions and minimum medical services are not seen in most of the adivasi areas of the country. It is true that the people in these areas were at a loss, away from the ‘modern’ world.

But for the past few years, things took a different turn in some parts of the adivasi areas. While the North Eastern states and some other areas are fighting for the liberation of their nationalities from the domination of the Indian state, the adivasis of the central part of the country and a few other eastern states sought a different alternative. They started forming a people’s government of their own.

‘People’s democracy’ found birth in the most ‘backward’, ‘uncivilized’ areas of the country. It continued to develop in divergent ways and levels. The achievements of this people’s democracy prove that this is a real kind of democracy, a democracy of the people, by the people and for the people in its actual sense. The main principles of this democracy are collective functioning and democratic centralism, the Maoist principles.

The people’s democracy named ‘janathana sarkar’ (people’s government) in the Dandakaranyam Special Zone of the state of Chathisgarh under the leadership of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) is the ‘embryonic stage’ of people’s power to be achieved countrywide in future, as put by the party. The activities in production, cultural, educational and military sectors of the present janathana sarkars, give an outline of the future socialist state. It also reveals that despite the severe repression campaign of the parliamentary state, the janathana sarkars are going to succeed. The party has succeeded in consolidating the people’s government to a certain stage and is heading towards forming higher levels of the same.

Jan Lokpal Bill

Jan Lokpal Bill version 1.8
An act to create effective anti-corruption and grievance redressal systems at centre so that effective
deterrent is created against corruption and to provide effective protection to whistleblowers.
1. Short title and commencement:- (1) This Act may be called the Anti-Corruption, Grievance
Redressal And Whistleblower Protection Act, 2010.
(2) It shall come into force on the one hundred and twentieth day of its enactment.
2. Definitions:- In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(1) “Action” means any action taken by a public servant in the discharge of his functions as such public
servant and includes decision, recommendation or finding or in any other manner and includes
willful failure or omission to act and all other expressions relating to such action shall be construed
accordingly;
(2) “Allegation” in relation to a public servant includes any affirmation that such public servant-
(a) has indulged in misconduct, if he is a government servant;
(b) has indulged in corruption
(3) “complaint” includes any grievance or allegation or a request by whistleblower for protection and
appropriate action.
(4) “corruption” includes anything made punishable under Chapter IX of the Indian Penal Code or
under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988;
Provided that if any person obtains any benefit from the government by violating any laws or rules,
that person along with the public servants who directly or indirectly helped that person obtain
those benefits, shall be deemed to have indulged in corruption.
(5) “Government” or “Central Government” means Government of India.
(6) “Government Servant” means any person who is or was any time appointed to a civil service or post
in connection with the affairs of the Central Government or High Courts or Supreme Court either on
deputation or permanent or temporary or on contractual employment but would not include the
judges.
(7) “grievance” means a claim by a person that he sustained injustice or undue hardship in
consequence of mal-administration;
(8) “Lokpal” means
a. Benches constituted under this Act and performing their functions as laid down under
various provisions of this Act; or
b. Any officer or employee, exercising its powers and carrying out its functions and
responsibilities, in the manner and to the extent, assigned to it under this Act, or under
various rules, regulations or orders made under various provisions of this Act.
c. For all other purposes, the Chairperson and members acting collectively as a body;
(9) “Mal-administration” means action taken or purporting to have been taken in the exercise of
administrative function in any case where,-
a. such action or the administrative procedure or practice governing such action is
unreasonable, unjust, oppressive or improperly discriminatory; or
b. there has been willful negligence or undue delay in taking such action or the administrative
procedure or practice governing such action involves undue delay;
(10) “Misconduct” means misconduct as defined in CCS Conduct Rules and which has vigilance angle.
(11) “public authority” means any authority or body or institution of self- government established or
constituted—
a. by or under the Constitution;
b. by any other law made by Parliament;
c. by notification issued or order made by the Government, and includes any body owned,
controlled or substantially financed by the Government;
(12) “Public servant” means a person who is or was at any time,-
(a) the Prime Minister;
(b) a Minister;
(c) a Member of Parliament;
(d) Judges of High Courts and Supreme Court;
(e) a Government servant;
(f) the Chairman or Vice-Chairman (by whatever name called) or a member of a local
authority in the control of the Central Government or a statutory body or corporation
established by or under any law of the Parliament of India, including a co-operative
society, or a Government Company within the meaning of section 617 of the
Companies Act, 1956 and members of any Committee or Board, statutory or nonstatutory,
constituted by the Government;
(g) Such other authorities as the Central Government may, by notification, from time to
time, specify;
(13) “Vigilance angle” includes –
(a) All acts of corruption
(b) Gross or willful negligence; recklessness in decision making; blatant violations of systems and
procedures; exercise of discretion in excess, where no ostensible/public interest is evident;
failure to keep the controlling authority/superiors informed in time
(c) Failure/delay in taking action, if under law the government servant ought to do so, against
subordinates on complaints of corruption or dereliction of duties or abuse of office by the
subordinates
(d) Indulging in discrimination through one’s conduct, directly or indirectly.
(e) Victimizing Whistle Blowers
(f) Any undue/unjustified delay in the disposal of a case, perceived after considering all relevant
factors, would reinforce a conclusion as to the presence of vigilance angle in a case.
(g) Make unfair investigation or enquiry to either unduly help culprits or fabricate the innocent.
(h) Any other matter as notified from time to time by Lokpal
(14) “Whistleblower” is any person who faces threat of (1) professional harm, including but not limited
to illegitimate transfers, denial of promotions, denial of appropriate perks, departmental
proceedings, discrimination or (2) physical harm or (3) is actually subjected to such harm; because
of either making a complaint to Lokpal under this Act or for filing an application under Right to
Information Act.
3. Establishment of the institution of Lokpal and appointment of Lokpal:
(1) There shall be an institution known as Lokpal which shall consist of one Chairperson and ten
members along with its officers and employees. The Lokpal shall be headed by its Chairperson.
(2) The Chairperson and members of Lokpal shall be selected in such manner as laid down in this
Act.
(3) A person appointed as Chairperson or member of Lokpal shall, before entering upon his office,
make and subscribe before the President, an oath or affirmation in the form as prescribed.
(4) The Government shall appoint the Chairperson and members of the first Lokpal and set up the
institution with all its logistics and assets within six months of enactment of this Act.
(5) The Government shall fill up a vacancy of the Chairperson or a member caused due to
a) Retirement, 3 months before the member or the Chairperson retires.
b) Any other unforeseen reason, within a month of such vacancy.
Chairperson and Members of Lokpal
4. The Chairperson and members of Lokpal not to have held certain offices- The Chairperson and
members of Lokpal shall not be serving or former member of either the Parliament or the Legislature of
any State and shall not hold any office or trust of profit (other than the office as Chairperson or
member) or would have ever been connected with any political party or carry on any business or
practice any profession and accordingly, before he enters upon his office, a person appointed as the
Chairperson or member of Lokpal shall-
(i) if he holds any office of trust or profit, resign from such office; or
(ii) if he is carrying on any business, sever his connection with the conduct and
management of such business; or
(iii) if he is practicing any profession, suspend practice of such profession.
(iv) If he is associated directly or indirectly with any other activity, which is likely cause
conflict of interest in the performance of his duties in Lokpal, he should suspend his
association with that activity.
Provided that if even after the suspension, the earlier association of that person with
such activity is likely to adversely affect his performance at Lokpal, that person shall
not be appointed as a member or Chairperson of Lokpal.
5. Term of office and other conditions of service of Lokpal– (1) A person appointed as the Chairperson
or member of Lokpal shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his
office;
Provided further that.-
(a) the Chairperson or member of Lokpal may, by writing under his hand addressed to the
President, resign his office;
(b) the Chairperson or member may be removed from office in the manner provided in
this Act.
(2) There shall be paid to the Chairperson and each member every month a salary equal to that of the
Chief Justice of India and that of the judge of the Supreme Court respectively;
(3) The allowances and pension payable to and other conditions of service of the Chairperson or a
member shall be such as may be prescribed;
Provided that the allowances and pension payable to and other conditions of service of the
Chairperson or members shall not be varied to his disadvantage after his appointment.
(4) The administrative expenses of the office of the Lokpal including all salaries, allowances and pensions
payable to or in respect of persons serving in that office, shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund of
India.
(5) There shall be a separate fund by the name of “Lokpal fund” in which penalties/fines imposed by the
Lokpal shall be deposited and in which 10% of the loss of Public Money detected/prevented on account
of investigations by Lokpal shall also be deposited by the Government. Disposal of such fund shall be
completely at the discretion of the Lokpal and such fund shall be used only for
enhancement/upgradation/extension of the infrastructure of Lokpal.
(6) The Chairperson or members shall not be eligible for appointment on any position in Government of
India or Government of any state or for fighting elections, if he has ever held the position of the
Chairperson or a member for any period.
Provided however that a member or Chairperson may be reappointed for one more term or a member
may be appointed as the Chairperson, however, that any person shall not serve for more than a total of
two terms.
6. Appointment of the Chairperson and members:
1. The Chairperson and members shall be appointed by the President on the recommendation of a
selection committee.
2. Following persons shall not be eligible to become Chairman or Member in Lokpal:
(a) Any person who was ever chargesheeted for any offence under IPC or PC Act or was ever
penalized under CCS Conduct Rules.
(b) Any person who is less than 40 years in age.
3. At least four members of Lokpal shall have legal background.
4. The members and Chairperson should have unimpeachable integrity and should have
demonstrated their resolve and efforts to fight against corruption in the past.
5. A selection committee consisting of the following shall be set up:
a. The Chairpersons of both Houses of Parliament
b. Two senior most judges of Supreme Court
c. Two senior most Chief Justices of High Courts.
d. All Nobel Laureates of Indian Origin
e. Chairperson of National Human Rights Commission
f. Last two Magsaysay Award winners of Indian origin
g. Comptroller and Auditor General of India
h. Chief Election Commissioner
i. Bharat Ratna Award winners
j. After the first set of selection process, the outgoing members and Chairperson of
Lokpal.
6. The seniormost judge of Supreme Court shall act as the Chairperson of the selection committee.
7. The following selection process shall be followed:
a. Recommendations shall be invited through open advertisements in prescribed format.
b. Each person recommending shall be expected to justify the selection of his candidate
giving examples from the past achievements of the candidate.
c. The list of candidates along with their recommendations received in the format
mentioned above shall be displayed on a website.
d. Each member of the selection committee, on the basis of the above material, shall
recommend such number of names as there are vacancies.
e. A priority list shall be prepared with the candidate receiving recommendations from
maximum number of members of selection committee at the top. The candidates
recommended by same number of members shall be treated at par.
f. This priority list shall be displayed on the website.
g. Around three times the names as there are vacancies, shall be shortlisted from the top.
h. Public feedback shall be invited on the shortlisted names by putting these names on the
website.
i. The selection committee may decide to use any means to collect more information
about the background and past achievements of the shortlisted candidates.
j. Selection committee shall invite shortlisted candidates for discussions, video recordings
of which shall be made public.
k. All the material obtained so far about the candidates shall be made available to each
member of the selection committee in advance. The members shall make their own
assessment of each candidate.
l. The selection committee shall meet and discuss the material so received about each
candidate. The final selections for the Chairperson and members shall be made
preferably through consensus.
Provided that if three or more members, for reasons to be recorded in writing, object to
the selection of any member, he shall not be selected.
m. All meetings of selection committee shall be video recorded and shall be made public.
8. The Prime Minister shall recommend the names finalized by the selection committee to the
President immediately, who shall order such appointments within a month of receipt of the
same.
9. If any of the members of the selection committee retires while a selection process is going on,
that member will continue on the selection committee till the end of that process.
7. Removal of Chairperson or members-
(1) The Chairperson or any member shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the
President.
(2) They can be removed on one or more of the following grounds:
a. Proved misbehavior
b. Professional or physical incapacity
c. If he is adjudged to be insolvent
d. Has been charged of an offence which involves moral turpitude
e. If he engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his
office
f. Has acquired such financial interests or other interests which are likely to affect
prejudicially his functions as member or Chairperson.
g. If he is guided by considerations extraneous to the merits of the case either to favor
someone or to implicate someone through any act of omission or commission.
h. If any member or Chairperson tries to or actually unduly influences any government
functionary.
i. If he commits any act of omission or commission which is punishable under Prevention
of Corruption Act or is a misconduct.
j. If a member or the Chairperson in any way, concerned or interested in any contract or
agreement made by or on behalf of the Government of India or participates in any way
in the profit thereof or in any benefit or emolument arising there from otherwise than
as a member and in common with the other members of an incorporated company, he
shall be deemed to be guilty of misbehavior.
(3) The following process shall be followed for the removal of any member or Chairperson:
(a) Any person may move an application/petition before the Supreme Court seeking removal of
one or more of the members of Chairperson of Lokpal alleging one or more of the grounds for removal
and providing evidence for the same.
(b) Supreme Court will hear the matter by a bench of three or more Judges on receipt of such
petition and may take one or more of the following steps:
(i) order an investigation to be done by a Special Investigation Team appointed by the
Supreme Court if a prima facie case is made out and if the matter cannot be judged based on
affidavits of the parties. The Special Investigation Team shall submit its report within three
months.
(ii) Pending investigations under sub-clause (i) by Special Investigation Team, the
Supreme Court may decide to order withdrawal of part or complete work from that member.
(iii) dismiss the petition if no case is made out
(iv) if the grounds are proved, recommend to the President for removal of the said
member or Chairperson
(v) direct registration and investigation of cases with appropriate agencies if there is
prima facie case of commission of an offence punishable under Prevention of Corruption
Act.
(c) The three judge bench shall be constituted by a panel of five seniormost judges of the
Supreme Court.
Provided that if there are any proceedings going on against any judge in Lokpal, he shall not
be a part of either the panel or the bench.
(d) The Supreme Court shall not dismiss such petitions in liminae.
(e) If the Supreme Court concludes that the petition has been made with mischievous or
malafide motives, the Court may order imposition of fine or imprisonment upto one year
against the complainant.
(f) On receipt of a recommendation from the Supreme Court under this section, the Prime
Minister shall recommend it to the President immediately and the President shall order
removal of said members within a month of receipt of the same.
Powers and Functions of Lokpal
8. Functions of Lokpal: (1) Lokpal shall be responsible for receiving:
(a) Complaints where there are allegations of such acts of omission or commission which are
punishable under Prevention of Corruption Act
(b) Complaints where there are allegations of misconduct by a government servant
(c) Grievances
(d) Complaints from whistleblowers
(2) Lokpal, after getting such enquiries and investigations done as it deems fit, may take one or more of
the following actions:
a. Close the case if prima facie, the complaint is not made out or
b. Initiate prosecution against public servants as well as those private entities which
are party to the act
c. Order imposition of appropriate penalties under CCS Conduct Rules
Provided that if an officer is finally convicted under Prevention of Corruption
Act, major penalty of dismissal shall be imposed on such government servant.
d. Order cancellation or modification of a license or lease or permission or contract or
agreement, which was the subject matter of investigation.
e. Blacklist the concerned firm or company or contractor or any other entity involved
in that act of corruption.
f. Issue appropriate directions to appropriate authorities for redressal of grievance in
such time and in such manner as is specified in the order.
g. Invoke its powers under this Act if its orders are not duly complied with and ensure
due compliance of its orders.
h. Take necessary action to provide protection to a whistleblower as per various
provisions of this Act.
(3) Suo moto initiate appropriate action under this Act if any case, of the nature mentioned in clauses
(1), (2), (3) or (4), comes to the knowledge of the Lokpal from any source.
(4) Issue such directions, as are necessary, from time to time, to appropriate authorities so as to make
such changes in their work practices, administration or other systems so as to reduce the scope and
possibility for corruption, misconduct and public grievances.
(5) Lokpal shall be deemed to be “Disciplinary authority” or “appointing authority” for the purpose of
imposing penalties under CCS Conduct Rules.
(6) Section 19 of Prevention of Corruption Act shall be deleted.
(7) Section 197 of CrPC shall not apply to any proceedings under this Act. All permissions, which need to
be sought for initiating investigations or for initiating prosecutions under any Act shall be deemed to
have been granted once Lokpal grants such permissions.
9. Issue of Search Warrant, etc.- (1) Where, in consequence of information in his possession, the Lokpal
(a) has reason to believe that any person. –
(i) to whom a summon or notice under this Act, has, been or might be issued,
will not or would not produce or cause to be produced any property, document
or thing which will be necessary or useful for or relevant to any inquiry or other
proceeding to be conducted by him;
(ii) is in possession of any money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or
thing and such money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing
represents either wholly or partly income or property which has not been
disclosed to the authorities for the purpose of any law or rule in force which
requires such disclosure to be made; or
(b) considers that the purposes of any inquiry or other proceedings to be conducted by him will
be served by a general search or inspection,
he may by a search warrant authorize any Police officer not below the rank of an Inspector of Police to
conduct a search or carry out an inspection in accordance therewith and in particular to, -
(i) enter and search any building or place where he has reason to suspect that such property,
document, money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing is kept;
(ii) search any person who is reasonably suspected of concealing about his person any article
for which search should be made;
(iii) break open the lock of any door, box, locker safe, almirah or other receptacle for
exercising the powers conferred by sub-clause (i) where the keys thereof are not available.
Seize any such property, document, money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing
found as a result of such search;
(iv) place marks of identification on any property or document or make or cause to be made;
extracts or copies therefrom; or
(v) make a note or an inventory of any such property, document, money, bullion, Jewellery or
other valuable article or thing.
(2) The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, relating to search and seizure shall apply, so
far as may be, to searches and seizures under sub-section (1).
(3) A warrant issued under sub-section (1) shall for all purposes, be deemed to be a warrant issued by a
court under section 93 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
10. Evidence – (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, for the purpose of any investigation (including
the preliminary inquiry, if any, before such investigation) under this Act, the Lokpal may require any
public servant or any other person who, in his opinion is able to furnish information or produce
documents relevant to the investigation, to furnish any such information or produce any such
document.
(2) For the purpose of any such investigation (including the preliminary inquiry) the Lokpal shall
have all the powers of a civil court while trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 , in respect
of the following matters, namely:-
(a) Summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;
(b) Requiring the discovery and production of any document;
(c) Receiving evidence on affidavits;
(d) Requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office ;
(e) Issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents ;
(f) ordering payment of compensatory cost in respect of a false or vexatious claim or
defence;
(g) ordering cost for causing delay;
(h) Such other matters as may be prescribed.
(3) Any proceeding before the Lokpal shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding with in the
meaning of section 193 of the Indian Penal Code.
11. Reports of Lokpal, etc. (1) The Chairperson of Lokpal shall present annually a consolidated report in
prescribed format on its performance to the President.
(2) On receipt of the annual report, the President shall cause a copy thereof together with an
explanatory memorandum to be laid before each House of the Parliament.
(3) The Lokpal shall publish every month on its website the list of cases disposed with brief details of
each such case, outcome and action taken or proposed to be taken in that case. It shall also publish lists
of all cases received by the Lokpal during the previous month, cases disposed and cases which are
pending.
12. Lokpal to be a deemed police officer: (1) For the purposes of section 36 of Criminal Procedure Code,
the Chairperson, members of Lokpal and the officers in investigation wing of Lokpal shall be deemed to
be police officers.
(2) While investigating any offence under Prevention of Corruption Act 1988, they shall be competent to
investigate any offence under any other law in the same case.
13. Powers in case of non-compliance of orders: (1) Each order of Lokpal shall clearly specify the names
of the officials who are required to execute that order, the manner in which it should be executed and
the time period within which that order should be complied with.
(2) If the order is not complied with within the time or in the manner directed, Lokpal may decide to
impose a fine on the officials responsible for the non-compliance of its orders.
(3) The Drawing and Disbursing Officer of that Department shall be directed to deduct such amount of
fine as is clearly specified by the Lokpal in its order made in sub-section (2) from the salaries of the
officers specified in the order.
Provided that no penalty shall be imposed without giving a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
Provided that if the Drawing and Disbursing Officer fails to deduct the salary as specified in the said
order, he shall make himself liable for a similar penalty.
(4) In order to get its orders complied with, the Lokpal shall have, and exercise the same jurisdiction
powers and authority in respect of contempt of itself as a High court has and may exercise, and,
for this purpose, the provisions of the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971 (Central Act 70 of 1971)
shall have the effect subject to the modification that the references therein to the High Court
shall be construed as including a reference to the Lokpal.
13A. Special Judges under section 4 of Prevention of Corruption Act: On an annual basis, Lokpal shall
make an assessment of the number of Special Judges required under section 4 of Prevention of
Corruption Act 1988 in each area and the Government shall appoint such number of Judges within three
months of receipt of such recommendation.
Provided that Lokpal shall recommend such number of Special Judges so that trial in each case under
this Act is completed within a year.
13B. Issue of Letter Rogatory: A bench of Lokpal shall have powers to issue Letters Rogatory in any case
pending with Lokpal.
Functioning of Lokpal
14. Functioning of Lokpal: (1) The Chairperson shall be responsible for overall administration and
supervision of the institution of Lokpal.
(2) All policy level decisions including formulation of regulations, developing internal systems for the
functioning of Lokpal, assigning functions to various officials in Lokpal, delegation of powers to various
functionaries in Lokpal etc shall be taken by the Chairperson and the members collectively as a body.
(3) The Chairperson shall have an annual meeting with the Prime Minister to assess the needs of Lokpal
for finances and manpower. Lokpal shall be provided resources by the Government on the basis of
outcome of this meeting.
(4) Lokpal shall function in benches of three or more members. Benches shall be constituted randomly
and cases shall be assigned to them randomly by computer. Each bench shall consist of at least one
member with legal background.
(5) Such benches shall be responsible for
(i) granting permission to close any case after a preliminary enquiry
(ii) granting permission to either close a case after investigations or issuing orders imposing
penalties under CCS Conduct Rules and/or for initiating prosecution in that case.
(iii) Issuing orders under section 28 and section 13B.
(6) Lokpal may decide to initiate investigations into any case suo moto also.
(7) The decision to initiate investigation or prosecution against any member of the Cabinet or any judge
of High Court or Supreme Court shall be taken in a meeting of all the existing members and the
Chairperson. Minutes and records of such meetings shall be made public.
15. Making a complaint to the Lokpal: (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, any person may make a
complaint under this Act to the Lokpal.
Provided that in case of a grievance, if the person aggrieved is dead or for any reason, unable to
act for himself, the complaint may be made or if it is already made may be continued by his legal
representatives or by any other person who is authorized by him in writing in this behalf.
(2) A complaint could be on a plain paper but should contain all such details as prescribed by Lokpal.
(3) On receipt of a complaint, the Lokpal shall decide whether it is an allegation or a grievance or a
request for whistleblower protection or a mixture of two or more of these.
(4) Every complaint shall have to be compulsorily disposed off by the Lokpal.
Provided that no complaint, other than those which are anonymous or pseudonymous, shall be closed
without hearing the complainant.
16. Matters which may be investigated by the Lokpal– Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Lokpal
may investigate any action which is taken by or with the general or specific approval of a public servant
where a complaint involving a grievance or an allegation is made in respect of such action.
Provided that the Lokpal may also investigate such action suo moto or if it is referred to it by the
government, if such action can be or could have been in his recorded opinion, subject of a grievance or
an allegation.
17. Matters not subject to investigation:- (1) The Lokpal shall not conduct any investigation under this
Act in case of a grievance in respect of any action-
(i) if the complainant has or had, any remedy by way of appeal, revision, review or any other
remedy before any other authority provided in any other law and he has not availed of the
same.
(ii) Taken by a judicial or quasi-judicial body, unless the complainant alleges malafides
(iii) If the substance of the entire grievance is pending before any court or quasi-judicial body
of competent jurisdiction.
(iv) any grievance where there is inordinate and inexplicable delay.
(2) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as authorising the Lokpal to investigate any action which is
taken by or with the approval of the Presiding Officer of either House of Parliament.
(3) The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to the provisions of any other enactment or any rule or
law under which any remedy by way of appeal, revision, review or in any other manner is available to a
person making a complaint under this Act in respect of any action and nothing in this Act shall limit or
affect the right of such person to avail of such remedy.
(4) Nothing in this section shall bar Lokpal from entertaining a complaint making an allegation of
misconduct or corruption or a complaint from a whistleblower seeking protection.
18. Provisions relating to complaints and investigations-
(i) (a) The Lokpal, on receipt of a complaint in the nature of an allegation or a grievance or a
combination of the two, or in a case initiated on his own motion, may on perusing the
documents, either decide to proceed to enquire or investigate into that complaint or decide,
to make such preliminary inquiry before proceeding to enquire or investigate into such
complaint or direct any other person to make such preliminary inquiry as it deems fit for
ascertaining whether there exists reasonable ground for conducting the investigation. The
outcome of such preliminary enquiry, and if the complaint is being closed along with
reasons for the same and all material collected during preliminary enquiry, shall be
communicated to the complainant.
Provided that if any case is closed, all documents related thereto shall thereafter be
treated as public. Every month, a list of all such cases shall be put on the website with
reasons for closing a case. All material connected with such closed cases will be provided to
anyone seeking it under Right to Information Act.
Provided further that if the complaint contains verifiable and specific information about
misconduct or corruption, then that case shall not be rejected even if the complaint is
anonymous.
Provided further that no complaint of allegation shall be rejected by questioning the
motives or intention of the complainant.
Provided further that all hearings before Lokpal shall be video recorded and shall be
available to any member of the public on payment of copying costs.
(b) The procedure for preliminary enquiry of a complaint shall be such as the Lokpal deems
appropriate in the circumstances of the case and in particular, the Lokpal may, if it deems
necessary to do so, call for the comments of the public servant concerned.
Provided that the preliminary enquiry should be completed and a decision taken whether
to close a case or to proceed with investigations within one month of receipt of any
complaint.
(ii) Where the Lokpal proposes, either directly or after making preliminary inquiry, to conduct
any investigation under this Act, he.-
(a) may make such order as to the safe custody of documents relevant to the
investigation, as it deems fit.
(b) at appropriate stage of investigations or in the end, it shall forward a copy of the
complaint, its findings and copy of the material relied upon to the concerned public
servant and the complainant,
(c) shall afford to such public servant and the complainant an opportunity to offer
comments and be heard.
Provided that such hearing shall be held in public, except in such rare circumstances, to
be recorded in writing, will it be held in camera.
(iii) The conduct of an investigation under this Act against a Public servant in respect of any
action shall not affect such action, or any power or duty of any other public servant to take
further action with respect to any matter subject to the investigation.
(iv) If, during the course of preliminary inquiry or investigation under this Act, the Lokpal is
prima facie satisfied that the allegation or grievance in respect of any action is likely to be
sustained either wholly or partly, he may, through an interim order, direct the public servant
concerned to stay the implementation or enforcement of the decision or action complained
against, or to take such mandatory or preventive action, on such terms and conditions, as he
may specify in his order to prevent further harm from taking place.
(v) The Lokpal, either during the course of investigations, if it is satisfied that prosecution is
likely to be initiated in that case, or at the end of the investigations at the time of initiating
prosecution, shall make a list of moveable and immoveable assets of all the accused in that
case and shall notify the same. No transfer of the same shall be permitted after such
notification. In the event of final conviction, the court shall be empowered to recover loss
determined under section 19 of this Act from this property, in addition to other measures.
(vi) If during the course of investigation or enquiry into a complaint, Lokpal feels that
continuance of a public servant in that position could adversely affect the course of
investigations or enquiry or that the said person is likely to impact evidence or witnesses,
the Lokpal may issue appropriate orders including transfer of that public servant from that
position or his suspension.
Provided that such orders shall not be passed against the Prime Minister.
(vii) In case of a grievance, the Lokpal may issue interim orders to the appropriate authority
recommending grant of interim relief to the complainant if he is satisfied at any stage of
preliminary inquiry on investigation that the complainant has sustained injustice or undue
hardship in consequence of any decision or action of a public servant.
(viii) The Lokpal may, at any stage of inquiry or investigation under this Act, direct through an
interim order, appropriate authorities to take such action as is necessary, including
suspension of a government servant, pending inquiry or investigation.-
(i) to safeguard wastage or damage of public property or public revenue by the
administrative acts of the public servant;
(ii) to prevent further acts of misconduct by the public servant;
(iii) to prevent the public servant from secreting the assets allegedly acquired by him by
corrupt means;
(ix) Where after investigation into a complaint, the Lokpal is satisfied that the complaint
involving an allegation against the public servant is substantiated and that the public servant
concerned should not continue to hold the post held by him, the Lokpal shall pass orders to
that effect. In case of public servant being a Minister, Lokpal shall make such
recommendation to the President, who shall decide either to accept such recommendation
or reject it within a month of its receipt.
Provided that the provisions of this section shall not apply to the Prime Minister.
(x) If, after enquiry into a grievance and after affording reasonable opportunity of being heard
to both the complainant and the public authority, the Lokpal is satisfied that such grievance
is substantiated either wholly or partly, he shall,
i. Pass appropriate orders directing appropriate authorities to redress the grievance
in a manner and within the time prescribed in the order, and
ii. Direct the appropriate authorities to deduct from the salary of the officials
mentioned in the order, such penalty amounts as are directed by Lokpal , which
shall not be less than Rs 250 per day of delay calculated from day the time limit
mentioned in citizens’ charter for redressing that grievance got over, and
iii. Direct the appropriate authorities to compensate the complainant with such
amounts as mentioned in the order.
Provided that any grievance shall be disposed within 15 days of its receipt.
Provided further that if it relates to life and liberty of a person or if the matter is such as to
warrant immediate attention and the Lokpal is so satisfied, the same shall be disposed
within 48 hours.
(xi) All records and information of Lokpal shall be public and shall be provided under Right to
Information Act, even at the stage of investigation or enquiry, unless release of such
information would adversely affect the process of enquiry or investigation.
Provided that no information in any case shall be withheld under Right to Information
Act after the completion of enquiry or investigation.
Recovery of Loss to the Government and punishments
19. Recovery of loss to the Government: If a person is convicted of an offence under Prevention of
Corruption Act, then the trial court will also quantify the loss caused to the government and apportion
that amount to various convicts from whom this money must be recovered as arrears of land revenue.
19A. Punishments for offences: For offences mentioned in Chapter III of Prevention of Corruption Act,
punishment shall not be less than five years which may extend upto life imprisonment.
Provided that if the accused is any officer of the rank of Joint Secretary in the state or above or a
Minister, the punishment shall not be less than ten years.
Provided further that if the offence is of the nature mentioned in proviso to section 2(4) of this Act and if
the beneficiary is any corporate house, in addition to other punishments mentioned in this Act and
under Prevention of Corruption Act, a fine amounting to five times the loss caused to the government
shall be recovered from the accused and the recovery may be done from the assets of the company and
from the personal assets of all Directors of the company, if the assets of the accused are inadequate.
Whistleblower protection
20. Protection of Whistleblower: (1) A whistleblower may write to Lokpal seeking protection from
threat of physical or professional victimization or if he has been subjected to such professional or
physical victimization.
(2) On receiving such a complaint, Lokpal shall take following steps:
(a) Threat of professional victimization: Lokpal shall conduct appropriate enquiries and if it feels
that there is a real threat to the person and the threat is on account of that person having made
an allegation under this Act, then the Lokpal shall pass appropriate orders, as soon as possible
but in not more than a month of receipt of such complaint, directing appropriate authorities to
take such steps as directed by the Lokpal.
(b) If a person complains that he has already been victimized professionally on account of
making an allegation under this Act, Lokpal shall, after conducting enquiries, if he is of the
opinion that the victimization is indeed because of that person’s having made an allegation
under this Act, pass appropriate orders, as soon as possible but in not more than a month,
directing appropriate authorities to take such steps as directed by the Lokpal.
Provided that for clause (a) Lokpal may, but for clause (b) the Lokpal shall, also issue
orders imposing penalties under CCS Conduct Rules against the officer or officials who issued
threats or caused victimization.
Provided further that no such penalties shall be imposed without giving an opportunity
of being heard to the affected officials.
(c) Threat of physical victimization: Lokpal shall conduct appropriate enquiries and if it feels that
there is a real threat to the person and the threat is on account of that person having made an
allegation under this Act or for having filed an RTI application to any public authority covered
under this Act, then notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, the Lokpal shall pass
appropriate orders, as soon as possible but in not more than a week, directing appropriate
authorities, including police, to take such steps as directed by the Lokpal to provide adequate
security to that person, to register criminal cases against those who are issuing threats and also
to take all such steps necessary to mitigate circumstances leading to such threat.
Provided that if the threat is imminent, Lokpal may decide to act immediately, within a
few hours to prevent physical assault on that person.
(d) If a person complains that he has already been physically assaulted on account of making an
allegation under this Act and if Lokpal is satisfied after conducting enquiries that the person has
been assaulted because of his having made an allegation under this Act or for filing an RTI
application in any of the public authorities covered under this Act, then notwithstanding
anything else contained in any other law, the Lokpal shall pass such orders, as soon as possible
but in not more than 24 hours, directing the concerned authorities to take such steps as
directed by the Lokpal to provide adequate security to that person, to register criminal cases
and also to ensure that no further harm visits on that person.
(e) If the whistleblower has alleged an act punishable under Prevention of Corruption Act, then
for cases under clause (c), Lokpal may and for cases under clause (d), the Lokpal shall, assign the
allegations made by that person to a special team, put it on a fast track and complete
investigations in that case in not more than a month.
(f) If the whistleblower has alleged an act punishable under any law other than the Prevention
of Corruption Act, then for cases under clause (c), Lokpal may and for cases under clause (d), the
Lokpal shall, direct the agency which has the powers to enforce that law to assign the
allegations made by the whistleblower to a special team, put it on a fast track and complete
investigations in that case in such time as directed by the Lokpal.
(g) Lokpal shall have the powers to issue directions to appropriate agencies in the cases covered
under clause (f), monitor such investigations and if necessary, issue directions to that agency to
do the investigations in the manner as directed by the Lokpal.
(3) If any complainant requests that his identity should be kept secret, Lokpal shall ensure the same.
Lokpal shall prescribe detailed procedures on how such complainants shall be dealt with.
(4) Lokpal shall Issue orders to the Public Authorities to make necessary changes in their policies and
practices to prevent recurrence of victimization.
Grievance Redressal Systems
21. Citizens’ Charters: (1) Each public authority shall be responsible for ensuring the preparation and
implementation of Citizens Charter, within a reasonable time, and not exceeding one year from the
coming into force of this Act.
(2) Every Citizens Charter shall enumerate the commitments of the respective public authority to the
citizens, officer responsible for meeting each such commitment and the time limit with in which the
commitment shall be met.
(3) Each public authority shall designate an official called Public Grievance Redressal Officer, whom a
complainant should approach for any violation of the Citizens Charter.
(4) Every public authority shall review and revise its Citizens Charter at least once every year through a
process of public consultation.
(5) Lokpal may direct any public authority to make such changes in their citizens’ charter as are
mentioned in that order.
(6) No grievance shall be accepted by Lokpal if 15 days have not elapsed after submission of complaint
by the complainant with the Public Grievance redressal Officer of that Public Authority.
Provided that if Lokpal feels that considering the gravity or urgency of the grievance, it is
necessary to do so, the Lokpal may decide to accept such grievance earlier also.
Employees and staff and authorities in Lokpal
22. Chief Vigilance Officer: (1) There shall be a Chief Vigilance Officer in each public authority to be
selected and appointed by Lokpal.
(2) He shall not be from the same public authority.
(3) He shall be a person of impeccable integrity and ability to take proactive measures against
corruption.
(4) He shall be responsible for accepting complaints against any public authority and shall transfer the
complaints related to other public authorities within two days of receipt.
(5) He shall be responsible for carrying out all such responsibilities as assigned to him from time to time
by Lokpal including dealing with complaints in the manner as laid down by Lokpal from time to time.
Provided that the complaints which require investigations under Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 shall
be transferred to the Investigative wing of Lokpal.
Provided further that the complaints, other than grievances, against officers of the level of Joint
Secretary or above shall not be dealt by the Chief Vigilance Officer and shall be transferred to the
Lokpal, who shall set up a committee of Chief Vigilance Officers of three other public authorities to
enquire into such complaint.
(6) All the grievances shall be received and disposed by Chief Vigilance Officer on behalf of Lokpal, if the
citizen fails to get satisfactory redressal from Public Grievance Officer under section 21 of this Act.
23. Staff of Lokpal, etc.- (1) There shall be such officers and employees as may be prescribed to assist
the Lokpal in the discharge of their functions under this Act.
(2) The number and categories of officers and employees shall be decided by the Lokpal in
consultation with the government.
(3) The categories, recruitment and conditions of service of the officers and employees referred
in sub-section (1) including such special conditions or special pay as may be necessary for enabling them
to act without fear in the discharge of their functions, shall be such as may be prescribed according to
the recommendations of Lokpal.
Provided that no official, whose integrity is in doubt, shall be considered for being posted in
Lokpal.
Provided further that all officers and employees, who work in Lokpal on deputation or otherwise
shall be eligible for the same terms and conditions as prescribed under this clause.
(4) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section (1), the Lokpal may for the purpose of
conducting investigations under this Act utilize the services of.-
(a) any officer or investigating agency of the Central Government; or
(b) any officer or investigating agency of any other Government with the prior
concurrence of that Government; or
(c) any person or any other agency.
(5) The officers and other employees referred to in sub-section (1) shall be under the
administrative and disciplinary control of the Lokpal:
(6) Lokpal shall have the powers to choose its own officials. Lokpal may enlist officials on
deputation from other government agencies for a fixed tenure or it may enlist officials on permanent
basis from other government agencies or it may appoint people from outside on permanent basis or on
a fixed tenure basis.
(7) The staff and officers shall be entitled to such pay scales and other allowances, which may be
different and more than the ordinary pay scales in the Central Government, as are decided by the Lokpal
from time to time, in consultation with the Prime Minister, so as to attract honest and efficient people
to work in Lokpal.
24. Repeal and savings – (1) The Central Vigilance Commission Act shall stand repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding such repeal, any act or thing done under the said Act shall be deemed to have been
done under this Act and may be continued and completed under the corresponding provisions of this
Act.
(3) All enquiries and investigations and other disciplinary proceedings pending before the Central
Vigilance Commission and which have not been disposed of, shall stand transferred to and be continued
by the Lokpal as if they were commenced before him under this Act.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in any Act, the posts of the Secretary and other Officers and
Employees of the Central Vigilance Commission are hereby abolished and they are hereby appointed as
the Secretary and other officers and employees of the Lokpal. The salaries, allowances and other terms
and conditions of services of the said Secretary, officers and other employees shall, until they are varied,
be the same as to which they were entitled to immediately before the commencement of this Act.
(5) All vigilance administration under the control of all Departments of Central Government, Ministries
of the Central Government, corporations established by or under any Central Act, Government
companies, societies and local authorities owned or controlled by the Central Government shall stand
transferred, alongwith its personnel, assets and liabilities to Lokpal for all purposes.
(6) The personnel working in vigilance wings of the agencies mentioned in sub-section (5) shall be
deemed to be on deputation to Lokpal for a period of five years from the date they are transferred to
Lokpal. However, Lokpal may decide to repatriate any one of them anytime.
(7) That Department from where any personnel have been transferred to Lokpal under sub-section (5),
shall cease to have any control over the administration and functions of transferred personnel.
(8) Lokpal shall rotate the personnel and create vigilance wing of each department in such a way that no
personnel from the same department get posted for vigilance functions in the same department.
(9) No person shall be employed with Lokpal against whom any vigilance enquiry or any criminal case is
pending at the time of being considered.
25. Investigation Wing of Lokpal: (1) There shall be an investigation wing at Lokpal.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in section 17 of Prevention of Corruption Act, such officers of
Investigation wing, upto the level as decided by Lokpal, shall have, in relation to the investigation and
arrest of persons throughout India, in connection with investigation of complaints under this Act, all the
powers, duties, privileges and liabilities which members of Delhi Special Police Establishment have in
connection with the investigation of offences committed therein.
(3) That part of Delhi Special Police Establishment, in so far as it relates to investigation and prosecution
of offences alleged to have been committed under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, shall stand
transferred, alongwith its employees, assets and liabilities to Lokpal for all purposes.
(4) That part of Delhi Special Police Establishment, which has been transferred under sub-section (3),
shall form part of Investigation Wing of Lokpal.
(5) The Central Government shall cease to have any control over the transferred part and its personnel.
(6) The salaries, allowances and other terms and conditions of services of the personnel transferred
under sub-section (3) shall be the same as to which they were entitled to immediately before the
commencement of this Act.
(7) All cases which were being dealt by that part of Delhi Special Police Establishment, which has been
transferred under sub-section (3), shall stand transferred to Lokpal.
(8) After completion of investigation in any case, the investigation wing shall present the case to an
appropriate bench of Lokpal, which shall decide whether to grant permission for prosecution or not.
26. Complaints against officers or employees of Lokpal: (1) Complaints against employees or officers of
Lokpal shall be dealt with separately and as per provisions of this section.
(2) Such complaint could relate to an allegation of an offence punishable under Prevention of Corruption
Act or a misconduct or a dishonest enquiry or investigation.
(3) As soon as such a complaint is received, the same shall be displayed on the website of Lokpal,
alongwith the contents of the complaint.
(4) Investigations into each such complaint shall be completed within a month of its receipt.
(5) In addition to examining the allegations against the said official, the allegations shall especially be
examined against sections 107, 166, 167, 177, 182, 191, 192, 196, 199, 200, 201, 202, 204, 217, 218,
219, 463, 464, 468, 469, 470, 471, 474 of Indian Penal Code.
(6) If, during the course of investigations, the Lokpal feels that the charges are likely to be sustained, the
Lokpal shall divest such officer of all his responsibilities and powers and shall place him under
suspension.
(7) If after completion of enquiry or investigations, Lokpal decides to prosecute that person under
Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 or holds him guilty of any misconduct or of conducting dishonest
enquiry or investigations, then that person shall not work with Lokpal anymore. Lokpal shall either
dismiss that person from the job, if that person is in the employment of Lokpal, or shall repatriate him, if
he is on deputation.
Provided that no order under this clause shall be passed without giving reasonable opportunity of being
heard to the accused person.
Provided further that order under this clause shall be passed within 15 days of completion of
investigations.
(8) There shall be a separate wing in Lokpal to deal with complaints against officers or staff of Lokpal.
(9) Lokpal shall take all steps to ensure that all enquiries and investigations on complaints against its
own staff and officials are conducted in most transparent and honest manner.
27. Protection- (1) No suit, prosecution, or other legal proceedings shall lie against the Chairperson or
members or against any officer, employee, agency or person referred to in Section 14(4) in respect of
anything which is in good faith done while acting or purporting to act in the discharge of his official
duties under this Act.
(2) No proceedings of the Lokpal shall be held to be bad for want of form and except on the ground of
jurisdiction, no proceedings or decision of the Lokpal shall be liable to be challenged, reviewed, quashed
or called in question in any court of ordinary Civil Jurisdiction.
Miscellaneous
28. Public Servants to submit property statements-
(1) Every public servant, other than those mentioned in Section 2(11)(a) to (c), shall within three months
after the commencement of this Act and thereafter before the 30th June of every year submit to the
head of that public authority, in the form prescribed by Lokpal, a statement of his assets and liabilities
and those of the members of his family. Public servants mentioned in sections 2(11)(a) to (c) shall
submit their returns in a format prescribed by the Lokpal to the Lokpal with the aforesaid time lines.
(2) The Head of each public authority shall ensure that all such statements are put on the website by 31st
August of that year.
(3) If no such statement is received by the Head of that public authority from any such public servant
within the time specified in sub-section (1), the Head of that public authority shall direct the concerned
public servant to do so immediately. If within next one month, the public servant concerned does not
submit such statement, the Head shall stop the salary and allowances of that public servant till he
submits such statement.
Explanation- In this section “family of a public servant” means the spouse and such children and
parents of the public servant as are dependent on him.
(4) The Lokpal may initiate prosecution against such public servant under Section 176 IPC.
(5) If any public servant furnishes any statement, which is subsequently found to be incorrect, then
Lokpal, in addition to taking action against the said public servant under other sections of this Act, may
also impose a penalty upto a maximum of 50% of the value of the additional property subsequently
detected. Lokpal shall also intimate such information to the Income Tax Department for appropriate
action.
29. Power to delegate and assign functions: (1) Lokpal shall be competent to delegate its powers and
assign functions to the officials working in Lokpal.
(2) All functions carried out and powers exercised by such officials shall be deemed to have been so
done by the Lokpal.
Provided that the following functions shall be performed by the benches and cannot be delegated:
(i) Granting permission to initiate prosecution in any case.
(ii) Order for dismissal of any government servant under CCS Conduct Rules.
(iii) Passing orders under section 10 on complaints against officials and staff of Lokpal.
(iv) Pass orders in cases of complaints, other than grievances, against officers of the level of Joint
Secretary and above.
30. Time limits: (1) Preliminary enquiry under sub-section (1) of section 9 of this Act should be
completed within a month of receipt of complaint.
Provided that the enquiry officer shall be liable for an explanation if the enquiry is not completed within
this time limit.
(2) Investigation into any allegation shall be completed within six months, and in any case, not more
than one year, from the date of receipt of complaint.
(3) Trial in any case filed by Lokpal should be completed within one year. Adjournments should be
granted in rarest circumstances.
31. Penalty for false complaint- (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, if someone makes
any false or frivolous complaint under this Act, Lokpal may impose such fines on that complainant as it
deems fit.
Provided that no fine can be imposed without giving a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
(2) Such fines shall be recoverable as dues under Land Revenue Act.
(3) A complaint or allegation once made under this Act shall not be allowed to be withdrawn.
31A. Preventive measures: (1) Lokpal shall, at regular intervals, either study itself or cause to be studied
the functioning of all public authorities falling within its jurisdiction and in consultation with respective
public authority, issue such directions as it deems fit to prevent incidence of corruption in future.
(2) Lokpal shall also be responsible for creating awareness about this Act and involving general public in
curbing corruption and maladministration.
32. Power to make Rules – (1) The Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules
for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act.
Provided that such rules shall be made only in consultation and with the approval of Lokpal.
(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions, such rules may
provide for .-
(i) the allowance and pensions payable to and other conditions of service of the Chairperson and
members of Lokpal;
(ii) the powers of a Civil Court which may be exercised by the Lokpal under clause (h) of sub-section
(2) of section 11;
(iii) the salary, allowances, recruitment and other conditions of service of the staff and employees of
the Lokpal;
(iv) any other matter for which rules have to be made are necessary under this Act.
(3) Any rule made under this Act may be made with retrospective effect and when such a rule is
made the reasons for making the rule shall be specified in a Statement laid before both Houses of the
Parliament.
33. Removal of difficulties- Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, the President, in
consultation with Lokpal or on request of Lokpal may, by order, make such provision -
(i) for bringing the provisions of this Act into effective operation;
(ii) for continuing the enquiries and investigations pending before the Central Vigilance Commission by
the Lokpal.
34. Power to make regulations: Lokpal shall have power to make its own regulations for the smooth
functioning of the institution and to effectively implement various provisions of this Act.
35. This Act shall override the provisions of all other laws.

Career Selection for Young People

Career choice is one of the most important decisions in anyone’s life, and yet countless young people enter careers which later prove to be wholly unsuitable.

Even today most young people have no way to find out if a particular career would really suit them. Decisions that are central to future happiness and success are therefore very often being taken in the dark.

Career Callings transforms the knowledge available to every young person, to enable the right choices to be made. Participants are guided through a series of enjoyable and imaginative exercises to identify the career path that will suit their abilities and interests. Steps include a series of tests to identify abilities, aptitudes, strengths, values and interests which are essential elements in making a successful career selection:

* Visualising an ideal work day
* Identifying personal values that will form the foundation of a successful career
* Identifying individual talents, strengths and accomplishments
* Defining worthwhile and appropriate ambitions
* Assessing levels of interest and ability for different career options
* Clarifying a path for the next 10 years
* Devising a plan of action

The results are brought together in a number of steps to identify career options that will be genuinely satisfying, inspiring and rewarding.

Young people who do not know what career to choose will find out what options they are likely to find satisfying, and how to move forward. Others who have already made a career or study choice will gain added confidence that they are on the right track.

The programme complements the computerised assessments that are available in some schools, going into much greater depth, helping to explore options that may not have been considered before and providing confidence that a career choice will be truly fulfilling.

Career Callings is available for young people as a short course or personal coaching from £350. The course is also available for delivery in schools, where reduced prices are available for large groups.

Career coaching is also available on a one-to-one basis by telephone, where specific questions are to be addressed or where attendance at a course location is impracticable.

Click here for comments by others who have attended Career Callings.

To discuss questions and course dates call 00 33 (0)4 94 43 45 05 and propose a time and telephone number when one of our specialists can call you or email enquiries@foundationsforliving.com
Career Callings was created by Pamela Grant of Houston, Texas. She has a Master of Science degree in Occupational Education and has been advising companies, coaching private clients and facilitating career transitions for over 15 years. Her mission is to encourage and support others in identifying and moving into their ideal careers. In 2001 her programme was brought to Europe, where Alison Davis is certified as the Senior Consultant and Practitioner.

What is the Jan Lokpal Bill, why it’s important

The Jan Lokpal Bill (Citizen’s ombudsman Bill) is a draft anti-corruption bill drawn up by prominent civil society activists seeking the appointment of a Jan Lokpal, an independent body that would investigate corruption cases, complete the investigation within a year and envisages trial in the case getting over in the next one year.

Drafted by Justice Santosh Hegde (former Supreme Court Judge and present Lokayukta of Karnataka), Prashant Bhushan (Supreme Court Lawyer) and Arvind Kejriwal (RTI activist), the draft Bill envisages a system where a corrupt person found guilty would go to jail within two years of the complaint being made and his ill-gotten wealth being confiscated. It also seeks power to the Jan Lokpal to prosecute politicians and bureaucrats without government permission.

Retired IPS officer Kiran Bedi and other known people like Swami Agnivesh, Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Anna Hazare and Mallika Sarabhai are also part of the movement, called India Against Corruption. Its website describes the movement as “an expression of collective anger of people of India against corruption. We have all come together to force/request/persuade/pressurize the Government to enact the Jan Lokpal Bill. We feel that if this Bill were enacted it would create an effective deterrence against corruption.”
Anna Hazare, anti-corruption crusader, began a fast-unto-death today, demanding that this bill, drafted by the civil society, be adopted. The website of the India Against Corruption movement calls the Lokpal Bill of the government an “eyewash” and has on it a critique of that government Bill. It also lists the difference between the Bills drafted by the government and civil society.
A look at the salient features of Jan Lokpal Bill:

1. An institution called LOKPAL at the centre and LOKAYUKTA in each state will be set up

2. Like Supreme Court and Election Commission, they will be completely independent of the governments. No minister or bureaucrat will be able to influence their investigations.

3. Cases against corrupt people will not linger on for years anymore: Investigations in any case will have to be completed in one year. Trial should be completed in next one year so that the corrupt politician, officer or judge is sent to jail within two years.

4. The loss that a corrupt person caused to the government will be recovered at the time of conviction.

5. How will it help a common citizen: If any work of any citizen is not done in prescribed time in any government office, Lokpal will impose financial penalty on guilty officers, which will be given as compensation to the complainant.

6. So, you could approach Lokpal if your ration card or passport or voter card is not being made or if police is not registering your case or any other work is not being done in prescribed time. Lokpal will have to get it done in a month’s time. You could also report any case of corruption to Lokpal like ration being siphoned off, poor quality roads been constructed or panchayat funds being siphoned off. Lokpal will have to complete its investigations in a year, trial will be over in next one year and the guilty will go to jail within two years.

7. But won’t the government appoint corrupt and weak people as Lokpal members? That won’t be possible because its members will be selected by judges, citizens and constitutional authorities and not by politicians, through a completely transparent and participatory process.

8. What if some officer in Lokpal becomes corrupt? The entire functioning of Lokpal/ Lokayukta will be completely transparent. Any complaint against any officer of Lokpal shall be investigated and the officer dismissed within two months.

9. What will happen to existing anti-corruption agencies? CVC, departmental vigilance and anti-corruption branch of CBI will be merged into Lokpal. Lokpal will have complete powers and machinery to independently investigate and prosecute any officer, judge or politician.

10. It will be the duty of the Lokpal to provide protection to those who are being victimized for raising their voice against corruption.

GUIDELINES FOR PUNJAB STATE TEACHER ELIGIBILITY TEST (PSTET)

GUIDELINES FOR PUNJAB STATE TEACHER ELIGIBILITY TEST
(PSTET)

BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE
The implementation of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 requires the
recruitment of a large number of teachers across the country in a time bound manner. In spite of the enormity
of the task, it is desirable to ensure that quality requirement for recruitment of teachers is not diluted at any
cost. It is therefore necessary to ensure that persons recruited as teachers possess the essential aptitude and
ability to meet the challenges of teaching at the primary and upper primary level.
In accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) of Section 23 of the Right of Children to Free and
Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) had vide
Notification dated 23rd August, 2010 laid down the minimum qualifications for a person to be eligible for
appointment as a teacher in classes I to VIII.
The one of the essential qualifications for a person to be eligible for appointment as a teacher in any of the
schools referred to in clause (n) of section 2 of the RTE Act is that he/ she should pass the Teacher Eligibility
Test (TET) which will be conducted by the appropriate Government in accordance with the Guidelines framed
by the NCTE.
The rationale for including the TET as a minimum qualification for a person to be eligible for appointment as a
teacher is as under:
i) It would bring national standards and benchmark of teacher quality in the recruitment process
ii) It would induce teacher education institutions and students from these institutions to further improve their
performance standards
iii) It would send a positive signal to all stakeholders that the Government lays special emphasis on teacher
quality
The Department of School Education, Government of Punjab has entrusted the responsibility of
conducting the Punjab State Teacher Eligibility Test (PSTET) -2011 to the SCERT, Punjab which shall
be held on 12-06-2011.

ELIGIBILITY
The following persons are eligible for appearing in the PSTET:-
Minimum Qualifications for Classes I-V:
Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final 2–year Diploma in
Elementary Education (or its equivalent)
OR
Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in final 2–year Diploma in
Elementary Education (or its equivalent), in accordance with the NCTE (Recognition Norms and Procedure),
Regulations 2002
OR
Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final 4–year Bachelor of
Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.)
OR
Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final 2–year Diploma in
Education (Special Education)*
Note:
i) Relaxation of 5% in minimum qualifying marks at BA/B.Sc./Senior Secondary level is admissible for SC/ST
Candidates.
ii) For this year only, a candidate with BA/B.Sc. with at least 50% marks and B.Ed qualification shall also be
eligible for test for classes I to V, provided he/she undergoes, after appointment, an NCTE recognized 6–
month special program in Elementary Education.
Minimum Qualifications for Classes VI-VIII:
B.A. /B.Sc and passed or appearing in final 2–year Diploma in Elementary Education* (or its equivalent)
OR
B.A. /B.Sc. with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1–year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed)*
OR
B.A. /B.Sc. with at least 45% marks & passed or appearing in 1–year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed)*, in accordance
with the NCTE (Recognition Norms & Procedure) Regulations issued from time to time in this regard.
OR
Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final 4–year Bachelor in
Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.)*
OR
Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final 4–year BA/B.Sc. Ed or
B.A. (Ed.)/B.Sc. (Ed.)*
OR
B.A. /B.Sc. with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1–year B.Ed. (Special Education)*
* A diploma/degree course in teacher education recognized by the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
only shall be considered. However, in case of Diploma in Education (Special Education) and B.Ed. (Special
Education), a course recognized by the Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) only shall be considered.
Note:
i) Relaxation of 5% in minimum qualifying marks at BA/B.Sc./Senior secondary level is admissible for SC/ST
Candidates.
STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF PSTET
All questions in PSTET test will be Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), each carrying one mark, with four alternatives out
of which one answer will be correct. There will be no negative marking.
There will be two papers of PSTET.
(i) Paper I will be for a person who intents to be a teacher for classes I to V.
(ii) Paper II will be for a person who intents to be a teacher for classes VI to VIII.
Note: A person who intents to be a teacher for both levels (classes I to V and classes VI to VIII) will have to appear in
both the papers (Paper I and Paper II).
Paper I (for classes I to V); No. of MCQs – 150
Duration of examination: One-and-a-half hours
Structure and Content (All Compulsory)
(i) Child Development and Pedagogy 30 MCQs 30 Marks
(ii) Language I 30 MCQs 30 Marks
(iii) Language II 30 MCQs 30 Marks
(iv) Mathematics 30 MCQs 30 Marks
(v) Environmental Studies 30 MCQs 30 Marks
Total 150 MCQ 150 Marks
Nature and standard of questions:
• The test items on Child Development and Pedagogy will focus on educational psychology of teaching and
learning relevant to the age group of 6-11 years. They will focus on understanding the characteristics and
needs of diverse learners, interaction with learners and the attributes and qualities of a good facilitator of
learning.
• The Test items for Language-I will focus on the proficiencies related to the medium of instruction, (as chosen
from list of prescribed language options in the application form).
• The Language-II will be from among the prescribed options other than Language-I. A candidate may choose
any one language from the available language options and will be required to specify the same in the
application form. The test items in language II will also focus on the elements of language, communication and
comprehension abilities.
• The test items in Mathematics and Environmental Studies will focus on the concepts, problem solving abilities
and pedagogical understanding of the subjects. In all these subject areas, the test items will be evenly
distributed over different divisions of the syllabus of that subject prescribed for classes: I–V, by the Punjab
State Government/SCERT.
• The questions in the tests for Paper I will be based on the topics prescribed for classes: I–V, but their difficulty
standard, as well as linkages, could be up to the secondary stage.
Paper II (for classes VI to VIII): No. of MCQs – 150
Duration of examination: One-and-a-half hours
Structure and Content:
(i) Child Development & Pedagogy (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30Marks
(ii) Language-I (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30Marks
(iii) Language-II (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30Marks
(iv) (a) For Mathematics and Science teacher: Mathematics and Science 60 MCQs 60Marks
(b) For Social Studies/Social Science Teacher: Social Science 60 MCQs 60Marks
(c) For any other teacher – either (a) or (b)
• The test items on Child Development and Pedagogy will focus on educational psychology of teaching and
learning, relevant to the age group 11-14 years. They will focus on understanding the characteristics, needs and
psychology of diverse learners, interaction with learners and the attributes and qualities of a good facilitator of
learning.
• The test items for Language-I will focus on the proficiency related to the medium of instruction, as chosen from
list of prescribed options in the application form.
• The Language-II will be a language other than Language-I. A candidate may choose any one language from
among the available options and as in the specified list in the application form and attempt questions in the one
indicated by the candidate in the application form by him. The Test items in Language-II will also focus on the
elements of language, communication and comprehension abilities.
• The test items in Mathematics and Science, and Social Studies will focus on the concepts, problem solving
abilities and pedagogical understanding of these subjects. The test items of Mathematics and Science will be of
30 marks each. The test items will be evenly distributed over different divisions of the syllabus of that subject as
prescribed for classes VI-VIII by the Punjab State Government/SCERT.
• The questions in the tests for Paper II will be based on the topics of the prescribed syllabus of the Punjab State
for classes VI-VIII but their difficulty standard as well as linkages could be up to the senior secondary stage.
QUALIFYING MARKS
A person who scores 60% or more in the PSTET exam will be considered as PSTET pass. School Management
(Government, Local bodies, Government aided and unaided)
(a) May consider giving concessions to persons belonging to SC/ST, OBC, differently abled persons, etc., in
accordance with their extant reservation policy;
(b) Should give weightage to the PSTET scores in the recruitment process; however, qualifying the PSTET would
not confer a right on any person for recruitment/employment as it is only one of the eligibility criteria for
appointment.
APPLICABILITY
The PSTET shall apply to the Schools owned and managed by the Punjab State Government/Local Bodies and aided
school.
PSTET may also apply to the unaided private schools who may exercise the option of considering the PSTET
Important Dates
SN. Activity Date of the Activity
1 Publish of Advertisement 26- April-2011
2 Online registration process Start 27- April-2011
3 Last date of Receipt of application (online) 13- May-2011
4 Last date of Receipt of Fee 18- May-2011
5 Fee reconciliation and uploaded the status for
information to candidates
01- June-2011
6 Uploading of Admit Card (online) 03- June-2011
7 Conduct of written Examination 12- June-2011
8 Declaration of Results 20- June-2011
SCHEDULE OF EXAMINATION
Date of
Examination
Paper Timing Duration
12-06-2011
(Sunday)
Paper – I 10:00 to 11:30 hrs 1.30 hrs
12-06-2011
(Sunday)
Paper – II 13:30 to 15:00 hrs 1.30 hrs
Fee
(i) For General/OBC Candidates – Rs. 500/-per paper.
(ii) For SC/ST candidates – Rs. 300/-per paper.
(iii) For Ex-Servicemen Self-only – Nil.
Note: The candidate who intend to appear for both Papers I & II, the fee shall be Rs. 1000/- for General/OBC
and Rs. 600/- for SC/ST candidates
How to apply online
1. Before applying online non-refundable Bank Demand Draft for Rs 500/- per paper and Rs 300/- for SC
Candidates per paper (The candidate who intend to appear for both Papers I & II, the fee shall be
Rs. 1000/- for General/OBC and Rs. 600/- for SC/ST candidates) in favour of “Director, C-DAC,
Mohali payable at Mohali/ Chandigarh should be ready as the application fee details are needs to
be entered in the form.
2. Fill the online application form available on the website http://recruitment.cdacmohali.in by
clicking at the link PSTET Online Registration.
3. The application can be filled online only till 13-05-2011 up to 5.00 PM.
4. If by mistake the candidate has filed in wrong data, he/she can correct the data from 27-4-2011 to
13-05-2011 up to 5:00 PM. by entering his/her registration number and password. Henceforth no
editing will be done and thereafter data will be locked and no change will be acceptable/ allowed.
5. The Registration slip will be generated after filing the online form. Get the printout (2 copies) of the
registration slip.
6. Only online forms will be entertained. The registration number generated in the form should be
written at the back of the demand draft along with the name of the candidate, father name and
postal address.
7. Send/ post one copy of the on line registration slip (Printed) with a self attested photograph along
with the original demand draft of requisite fee (Non refundable) to “Director, C-DAC, A-34,Phase
8, industrial area Mohali which should reach positively by 18-5-2011 (Please do not send any
other document). The application fee in the shape of demand draft received after the last date i.e.
18-5-2011 will not be considered.
8. The list of candidates whose fee is confirmed will be available on
http://recruitment.cdacmohali.in for candidate reference from 01-06-2011.
9. The candidate can download their ADMIT CARDS by visiting the website
http://recruitment.cdacmohali.in again by entering his/her registration number and password
(Candidates are advised not to disclose the password to any one for data security) from
03-06-2011. Incase candidate unable to get the admit card, he/ she must contact C-DAC Mohali
personally or on helpline numbers one day before the said examination upto 5.00 PM, failing which
department will not be held responsible.
10. For any clarifications regarding the online filling of the form, the candidate can call at CDAC Mohali
help-line numbers 0172-6619054-55 on all working days from 9:00 am to 5.30 pm.
11. Candidate are advised to visit the website http://recruitment.cdacmohali.in regularly for more updates
and important information.
12 Candidate must bring a admit card/ Registration slip on the day of written examination at the venue
of the examination centre. The candidates without admit card/ Registration slip will not be allowed to
appear in the written examination.
13 Candidate will be responsible for any mistakes made by him/ her in the on line application form,
Education Department shall not be responsible or liable in any way.
14 The result list will be prepared on the basis of the written test and will be available on website

http://recruitment.cdacmohali.in

Instructions:
1. The candidate has to apply only online http://recruitment.cdacmohali.in. No other mode of applying
will be entertained.
2. The written examination will be conducted out of those candidates only who will fulfill the prescribed
academic and technical qualification and will submit the bank demand draft of prescribed fee.
3. The proposed date for the written examination for the said PSTET is 12-06-2011. The venue of Exam
Centre will be available on the website on 03-06-2011.
4. The candidates should reach the examination centre one hour before the start of the examination. At
the examination centre, the candidate has to produce his/her admit card pasted with passport size
photograph and duly attested by self along with identity proof, which may be either any of from the
Driving license, Voter ID Card, Passport, PAN Card.
5. The candidates must satisfy themselves that they fulfil all the eligibility conditions for this test.
Merely appearing in the examination and qualifying the test does not entitle the candidate for issue of
the certificate. The issue of certificate will be subject to their Verification of original documents. The
purpose would be to verify different records regarding identification, age, qualifying examination,
state of eligibility, category etc, of the candidate. On failing to establish of any of the documents the
candidate will not be considered for issue of certificate and liable for criminal action.
6. The Question Paper will be of objective type (150 marks) having 150 questions with multiple choices
on OMR sheet with one correct answer of each question of appropriate standards. The duration of the
paper will be of 90 minutes. There will be NO NEGATIVE MARKING. Each right answer will carry one
mark.
7. No candidate will be allowed to appear in the examination without Roll Number Slip and identity proof
in original.
8. Candidates should bring with them BLUE or BLACK Ball Pens only. Books, written notes, calculator,
mobile phones and other electronic devices etc. will not be permitted to be carried in the examination
hall.
9. Candidates are advised to visit the web-site http://recruitment.cdacmohali.in regularly.
10. The Proposed date of declaration of written examination result is 20-06-2011.
Director,
SCERT, Punjab
Chandigarh

For more information click here

ICC World Cup 2011 History, Teams, Captains, Winners

The 1st ICC World Cup took place in 1975, with 8 teams playing 60 overs per innings. West Indies, led by Clive Lloyd, was the winner. This post deals with such details as number of teams, tournament duration, winners, formats, major changes introduced, and highlights concerning the ICC World Cup from 1975 to 2011. These details were gathered from various web portals on the internet.

1975 World Cup

ICCWindies

No. of teams: 8
Winner: West Indies
Tournament duration: 15 days
Overs per inning: 60
Highest score: 334/4 by England against India in Group A
Lowest team score: 86 by Sri Lanka against West Indies in Group B
Unforgettable moment: Dennis Amiss making the first ever World Cup century when he scored 137 off just 147 balls. Another unforgettable moment was Sunil Gavaskar scoring 36 off 174 balls while batting out the 60 overs

1979 World Cup

Winner: West Indies
No. of teams: 8
Tournament duration: 15 days
Overs per inning: 60
Highest score: 286/9 by West Indies against England in the final
Lowest team score: 45 by Canada against England in Group A
Unforgettable moment: A great knock of 138 by Vivian Richards in the final at Lord’s

1983 World Cup

ICCIndia

Winner: India
No. of teams: 8
Tournament duration: 17 days
Overs per inning: 60
Field restrictions: 30-yard circle introduced in cricket for the first time. Minimum of 4 fielders inside it throughout the innings
Highest score: 338/5 by Pakistan against Sri Lanka in Group A
Lowest team score: 136 by Sri Lanka against England in Group A
Unforgettable moment: India beating the tournament favourite West Indies in a dramatic final at Lord’s

1987 World Cup

Winner: Australia
No. of teams: 8
Tournament duration: 31 days
Overs per inning: 50
Field restrictions: Yes. 30-yard circle
Biggest change in format: Reduction in number of overs from 60 to 50 plus introduction of neutral umpire concept
Highest score: 360/4 by West Indies against Sri Lanka in Group B
Lowest team score: 135 by Zimbabwe against India in Group A
Unforgettable moment: First hat-trick in World Cup history. The honours went to Chetan Sharma of India who removed Kiwi batsmen Ken Rutherford, Ian Smith and Chatfield in successive balls

1992 World Cup

ICCPaki1992

Winner: Pakistan
No. of teams: 9
Tournament duration: 32 days
Format: Round robin. All teams played each other once and top four went through to the semi finals
Clothing: Coloured clothing and white balls
Overs per inning: 50
Field restrictions: Only 2 fielders allowed outside 30-yard circle in the first 15 overs
Biggest change in format: Day-night matches. Coloured clothing and white balls
Highest score: 313/7 by Sri Lanka against Zimbabwe
Lowest team score: 74 by Pakistan against England
Unforgettable moment: South Africa rejoining mainstream cricket after the end of apartheid

1996 World Cup

ICCSriLanka96

Winner: Sri Lanka
No. of teams: 12
Tournament duration: 33 days
Format: Two groups and top four in each group through to quarterfinals
Clothing: Coloured clothing
Overs per inning: 50
Field restrictions: 30-yard circle in the first 15 overs. Only 2 fielders allowed outside of it
Biggest change in format: Quarterfinal stage introduced for the first time
Highest score: 398/5 by Sri Lanka against Kenya in Group A
Lowest team score: 93 by West Indies against Kenya in Group A
Unforgettable moment: Sri Lanka scoring over 100 runs in the first 15 overs in 3 matches enroute to winning their first World Cup plus Aravinda de Silva’s back-to-back Man-of-the-match awards in the semi final and final. Add to this Kenya shocking West Indies at Poona after bundling out the Caribbean giants for the tournament’s lowest total

1999 World Cup

ICC1999

Winner: Australia
No. of teams: 12
Tournament duration: 38 days
Format: 2 groups and top 3 from each group progressed to Super Six. the top 4 from Super Six made it to semi finals
Clothing: Coloured clothing
Overs per inning: 50
Field restrictions: 30-yard circle
Biggest single change in format: Introduction of Super Six
Highest score: 373/6 by India against Sri Lanka in Group A
Lowest team score: 68 by Scotland against West Indies in Group B
Unforgettable moment: Tied semi final match between Australia and South Africa, which allowed the Aussies to go through on better net run rate

2003 World Cup

Winner: Australia
No. of teams: 14
Tournament duration: 43 days
Format: 2 groups and top 3 from each group progressed to Super Six. the top 4 from Super Six made it to semi finals
Clothing: coloured clothing
Overs per inning: 50
Field restrictions: 30-yard circle for the first 15 overs
Biggest single change in format: Nothing notable
Highest score: 359/2 by Australia against India in the final
Lowest team score: 36 by Canada against Sri Lanka in Pool B
Unforgettable moment: First time cricket world cup event went to the African continent. Ricky Ponting’s phenomenal 146 off just 121 balls in the final

2007 World Cup

ICCAussies

Winner: Australia
No. of teams: 16
Tournament duration: 47 days
Format: 4 groups of 4 teams each. Top two from each group progress to super 8. The top 4 in Super eight progressed to semi finals
Clothing: coloured clothing
Overs per inning: 50
Field restrictions: Powerplay introduced for the first time in World Cup cricket
Biggest change in format: Introduction of Super 8 and powerplay
Highest score: 377/6 by Australia against South Africa in Group A
Lowest team score: 77 by Ireland against Sri Lanka in Super Eight stage
Unforgettable moment: Bangladesh knocking India out in first round and Ireland knocking Pakistan out in the first round. Plus Gilchrist’s unbelievable 149 off just 104 balls simply stands out as the greatest World Cup final inning by an individual

2011 World Cup

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The World Cup is finally over. We have witnessed more than a month of high adrenaline cricket with performances from many stalwarts who were playing their last world cup, seasoned campaigners and also the relatively unknown who had come to make their mark.

I have tried to put up a dream XI based on the performance in the world cup. So here goes the dream team: -

The opening pair would be Sachin Tendulkar and Tillakaratne Dilshan.

Sachin has been instrumental throughout the tournament scoring runs with controlled aggression. He has been there for the team on most of the occasions. At 37, he has shown the world why he is still the best batsman in the world.

Dilshan would be his ideal partner. An aggressive player from the word go, he has the ability to tear apart any opposition. He is also a handy off spin bowler and good fielder.

Magnificent in all Departments

Players to miss out – Upul Tharanga, Virender Sehwag

The middle order would be Kumar Sangakkara, Ross Taylor, Yuvraj Singh, AB De Villiers and MS Dhoni.

Sangakkara has been in ominous form throughout the tournament and has the ability to play the shots as well. He will be the wicketkeeper as well.

Ross Taylor’s 131* against Pakistan was a top class knock and he was the lynchpin of New Zealand batting this time around. A dangerous customer if he spends some time at the crease.

Yuvraj Singh has contributed with the bat, the ball and on the field. Has regained his smooth touch this world cup and has been a revelation as a bowler picking up wickets whenever brought on to bowl. Also he is back to favorite cover position where he has been stunning.

The selection of De Villiers might seem foolish, but for me he is that extra batsman who can play lower down the order and score quick runs. Many of the other batsmen cannot bat at number 6 where you mostly get very little overs. He is also a very good outfielder.

Dhoni is undoubtedly my captain for his calmness. With the bat he can be dangerous at the same time play the waiting game – 91* in the final being his claim for this batting spot.

Players to miss out – Jonathan Trott, Umar Akmal, Gautam Gambhir, Ryan Ten Doeschate, Kieron Pollard

Killer Slinger

The bowling lineup is completed by Afridi as the lone spinner, Zaheer Khan, Lasith Malinga and Umar Gul as the 3 seamers.

Afridi mixed up with bowling well enough to end up as the joint highest wicket taker. His batting if it skills is an immense bonus.

Zaheer Khan has been at his masterful best this world Cup being India’s wicket taker especially in his 2nd and 3rd spells. He is the joint highest wicket taker with Afridi.

Lasith Malinga can take wickets at any time of the day with his toe crushing yorkers. An amazing bowler to have at death. He took his second hat-trick in world cups against Kenya in the group stage.

Umar Gul completes the pace trio. He has been in his peak form of late. With one of the cleanest action around, his bowling at 140kmph + has been Pakistan’s backbone in pace bowling department. He has been accurate and miser at the same time.

Players to miss out – Dale Steyn, Kemar Roach, Tim Southee, Imran Tahir

Supreme Court strikes down appointment of CVC Thomas

The Supreme Court today quashed the appointment of P.J. Thomas as Central Vigilance Commissioner, saying the recommendation made by the high-powered committee headed by the Prime Minister did not consider the relevant material and as such its advice ‘does not exist in law’.

“We declare that the recommendation made by the high-powered committee is non-est in law. Which means that the recommendations made on September 3, 2010 does not exist in law. Consequently, the appointment of Thomas goes,” a bench comprising Chief Justice S.H. Kapadia and justices K.S. Radhakrishnan and Swantatntra Kumar said.

The bench severely criticised the committee for not considering the relevant material including the pending criminal case against Thomas in the Palmolein import case and the recommendations of the DoPT between 2000-04 for initiating disciplinary proceedings against him.

“It is the duty of the high-powered committee (HPC) to not to recommend the name of a person who can affect the institutional integrity of the CVC,” the bench said, adding the institutional integrity and the integrity of a person holding the post of CVC is the touchstone of the office under the CVC Act.

The court said the HPC failed to consider relevant material against Thomas and the entire focus was on his bio-data and none of the government bodies including the DoPT focussed on larger issue of institutional integrity.

Thomas resigned after the verdict. Thomas was appointed CVC in September, 2010.

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